What is the Japanese Financial Services Agency (FSA)? 

What is the Japanese Financial Services Agency (FSA)?  

The Japanese Financial Services Agency (FSA) is the regulatory authority responsible for supervising the regulation of financial institutes. The financial institutes include banks, insurance companies, and credit firms. Originally, the FSA was known as the Financial Supervisory Agency, which was founded back in 1998 and later became the Financial Services Agency (FSA) in 2000. In Japan, after the Financial Reconstruction Act (FRA) was enacted in 1998, the Financial Reconstruction Commission (FRC) was created under it during the same year, in December. It was part of FRC’s duty to guide the Financial Supervisory Agency. Further, by July 2000, the old FSA reinstated into the new Financial Services Agency (FSA) and took over the FRC’s old functions during the following year. The FSA acts as the principal regulator, which means it is in charge of supervising Japan’s financial sector, including both large and small financial institutions.

What are the Main Functions of the FSA in Japan?

The Japanese Financial Services Agency (FSA), as dictated by the Prime Minister, has supervisory and regulatory authority over the financial firms, which also includes banks. It is part of FSA’s responsibility to ensure the stability of Japan’s financial system and that the bank’s depositors, investors, and policyholders are well protected from any kind of financial fraud. The job of FSA as an agency is to add order to the Japanese firm’s financial operations.

These functions are carried out by completing the following: strategic planning, framing policies for the financial sector, and inspecting and monitoring the private-sector FIs and banks. The planning and decision-making include rules that should be followed by FIs through legislation, such as the Banking Act, or the amendment of statutes and other regulations for businesses. Another establishment should be made for a steady financial system and the development of efficient markets so that the investors can conduct asset management and firms can raise better funds and capital.

Under the Banking Act, the Financial Services Agency (FSA) requires financial institutes to report their status of business activities and improve upon their management. Along with this, it can also ask the firms to suspend their businesses – partly or wholly, as a necessary action that ensures supervision. A set of guidelines have been published by the FSA to ensure the supervision of financial institutes, including banks. The guidelines are separate for banks smaller in size or regional FIs.

What are the FSA Regulations for Japan AML?

In Japan, the firms need to ensure the soundness of the financial system for which each entity or FI is required to establish and maintain solid risk management which is appropriate to the firm’s operations and standards. The FIs are required to implement certain measures to combat ML/TF, which is relevant to the changing global affairs and the evolving actions of the FIs against their external conditions. The firms are supposed to maintain effective risk management for ML/TF. This means that they need to identify and assess any potential risks instantly and effectively. This includes the risks related to customer’s operations and mitigates the risk with an appropriate risk-based approach. The ML/TF risk management process is a central function of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 40 Recommendations, which for some time, has been a part of different countries’ AML regulatory procedures. The financial institutes of Japan must establish a risk-based approach as a minimum standard for having effective procedures. The following are the certain measures that firms need to abide by in order to eradicate ML/TF:

 

  • Risk Mitigation: The firms are required to collect their customer’s information and verify it (based on their profile and account activity), so that the same data can be compared with the results of the risk assessment conducted on the select customer. The firm also needs to define and implement necessary and effective mitigation measures to reduce the identified risks. The firm will collect information about the customer, including their transactions and account activity, to compare it with the results of risk assessment and later implement measures to mitigate those risks. The firm shall also use enhanced measures of mitigation in cases of high ML/TF in order to be both sufficient to the risk levels posed by the customer and appropriate for the firm’s policies and standards

 

  • Customer Due Diligence: Under the AML/CTF measures, it is important that before building any business relationship with a client, the firm collects their information for verification and identification. The information can be related to who they are, what businesses they operate, who their beneficial owners are, what type of transactions are they willing to do, and the source of their funds. Following this, the firm will implement appropriate measures to mitigate any risks based on the collected and verified data. The CDD processes with a customer can be distributed into three different stages: the start, the continuation period, and the end of a business relationship. The firm needs to determine and establish the mitigation measures for each of these stages, based on the level of risk that the customer or their financial transaction poses. Based on all of the gathered information, the firm must then conduct an appropriate risk assessment of their customers

 

  • Transaction Monitoring and Screening: Under the AML/CTF measures, firms need to do transaction monitoring and screening of their customer’s transactions which can help to identify any unusual/suspicious transactions or else, any transactions that are subject to other sanctions. The unusual transactions would include the results of risk assessment for specific transactions of the select customer

 

  • Record-keeping: The firm needs to maintain all the necessary records that are needed for establishing appropriate AML/CTF standards, which also includes any evidence that is relevant to customers, information pertaining to their beneficial owner, and any transactional or communication-based records with the firm’s customers

 

  • Suspicious Transaction Reporting (SAR): Firms need to establish certain measures that can help to review any potential suspicious financial transactions. Also, if it can help determine whether Suspicious Transaction Reporting (STR) is required for that financial transaction. This process of reviewing and analysing is followed by taking the customer’s necessary data that is available to the bank. The information may include the customer’s profile, the nature of their business or financial transaction. This will ensure that the firm’s risk-management is strong and that it meets all of the regulatory obligations

About Japan’s Financial Regulator – In Conclusion

The Japanese financial regulator, the Financial Services Agency (FSA), helps to monitor financial institutes, including banks, insurance firms, and other financial industries. Apart from the FSA, the central bank that is known as the Bank of Japan (BOJ) and is like the lender of the last resort, is not a financial regulator on its own but its function includes maintaining the order of Japan’s financial system. The different global regulators want the financial regulations to fulfill three main goals in the financial sector: firstly, protect the firm’s customers; secondly, ensure the integrity and fairness of the financial markets; thirdly, ensure the financial institute’s stability. In order to fulfill the above mentioned goals, the Financial Services Agency (FSA) has instigated four main pillars which can help the financial institutions to instill better regulation:

  1. To make an appropriate combination of the supervisory approach, which is both rules-based and principles-based
  2. To respond effectively and instantly to any high-priority issues
  3. To encourage the voluntary efforts made by FIs and give a greater emphasis on their incentives
  4. To work on regulatory transparency and predictability of procedures

 

Read More: About the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) organization.

Read More: What is the role of a Money Laundering Reporting Officer (MLRO)?

Read More: Which countries are stated in the FATF Countries List?

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The Anti-Money Laundering Act (AMLA) 2020, enacted as part of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) 2021 of the US in January this year, had many key provisions to take the Anti-Money Launderi...

Tookitaki Powers AI-Driven Anti-Money Laundering Solution Using HPE GreenLake

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) announced a key collaboration with Tookitaki to provide a new offering designed for banks and financial institutions across Asia-Pacific. The new offering delivers T...

AMLA 2020: 8 Key Provisions that Financial Institutions Required to Know

The US Congress passed the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) 2021 on January 1, 2021, addressing a variety of pressing concerns related to the nation’s security. The act included a number of...

The Rising Case for RegTech to Address AML Risks Amid COVID-19

Emerged as a subset of FinTech, the Regulatory Technology (RegTech) industry has now gone more mainstream, thanks to regulators and industry practitioners. Recently, there have been many pro-RegTech c...

Hakrinbank Selects Tookitaki to Ensure Sustainable Financial Compliance Monitoring

Tookitaki announced a partnership with Hakrinbank, a leading South American bank based in Suriname, to fortify its Anti-Money Laundering (AML) detection and alerts management capabilities. To improve...

Breaking Barriers: 5 Key Insights on RegTech Adoption

HKMA in a report shared comprehensive hands-on experience and insights from respondents to better understand the factors and dependencies affecting AML/CFT Regtech adoption. The regulator collaborated...

How to Address Present-day Sanctions Screening Pain Points with AI

Sanctions risk of financial institutions is evolving in line with the global social, economic and political changes. As seen in recent news, governments across the globe are increasingly relying on sa...

Tookitaki Got Selected for FinTech Program: Asia meets Tokyo

Tookitaki has been listed among 8 Fintech startups in Asia for FinTech Program: Asia meets Tokyo, an accelerator launched by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government (TMG). We have been selected for our anti...

AML Alert Management: How AI can Augment Your Compliance Efficiency

The financial sector is facing one monster of a problem at the moment. As today’s financial institutions deal with millions of daily transactions, several thousands of routine financial transactions...

Tookitaki Recognised for Innovative Use of AI & Machine Learning

Tookitaki has won the Regtech Award for AI & Machine Learning and was highly commended in the solutions category for AML/CTF Compliance, in the 3rd Regulation Asia Awards for Excellence 2020 ...

Our UOB Success Tale: Setting a New Benchmark for AI-based AML Compliance

Tookitaki achieved a rare and historic milestone as our Anti-Money Laundering Suite (AMLS) solution went live within the premises of United Overseas Bank (UOB), one of the top 3 banks in Singapore.

Tookitaki Wins 2020 WITSA Digital Innovation Award

Tookitaki has won the 2020 Digital Innovation Award from the World Information Technology and Services Alliance (WITSA) as part of the industry body’s Global ICT Excellence Awards. Nominated by...

Money Laundering via Cryptocurrencies: All You Need to Know

Money laundering via cryptocurrency has been going on for a while now. We’ve all heard of Bitcoin, Ethereum and Dogecoin. Crypto is used by financial criminals globally but how are they getting away...

CNA 938 radio interviews Tookitaki Co-founder Jeeta Badopadhyay

Tookitaki Co-founder and COO Jeeta Bandopadhyay was named among the Singapore 100 Women in Tech (SG100WIT) List in September 2020. A collaboration between the Singapore Computer Society (SCS), IMDA, S...

Need for New Customer Risk Rating Models: Not All Customers Are Created Equal

Being estimated at between US$800 billion to US$2 trillion every year, money laundering is a serious problem for the global economy. While regulators and financial institutions are working hard to pre...

Is AML Compliance Heading for a New Normal in the Age of Digital Payments?

Increased digitization has influenced various businesses and brought in a paradigm shift in the way they create business models and approach growth opportunities. Moving away from conventional transac...

Excel to AI: How Reconciliation Tools Evolve for Better

In the world of finance, reconciliation is the process of comparing two related sets of records or two accounts at the end of a specific accounting period to find out if account balances are matching ...

Lessons Not Well Learned: 2020 AML Fines Cross 2019 Total

If research is to be believed, institutions across the globe have not done enough in the anti-money laundering (AML) compliance area. Data from consultancy Duff & Phelps revealed that AML fines in...

Exploring AML Risks in COVID-Era and the Ways to Address Them

The world continues to battle the COVID-19 pandemic and the crisis it brought in is unprecedented in the history of humankind. While there are a number of pandemic-related factors contributing to the ...

AML Amid COVID-19: Watch out for These FBI-listed Fraud Schemes

There has been a rise in the number of cybercrimes and fraud schemes across the globe ever since the proliferation of the COVID-19 pandemic. Criminals, in general, are taking advantage of people’s s...

OCC Spring Risk Perspective: 5 Takeaways on Compliance Risk

Despite its general strength, the US federal banking system is apparently susceptible to the ongoing economic weakness caused by the rampant spread of coronavirus. Earlier this month, The US Office of...

How Criminals Used COVID-19 Sales Pitch to Defraud, Launder Money

As the world is working hard to contain the spread of the COVID-19, criminals continue to take advantage of the pandemic. They are devising sophisticated methods to defraud people and launder the crim...

5 Top Myths and Facts about AI Implementation in AML Programs

We are more confirmed about the power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to transform lives and businesses now. There are countless possible applications of AI and machine learning at present, and we see...

Typology Repository Management: Solving AML Problems Via Collective Intelligence and Continuous Learning

Despite its general strength, the US federal banking system is apparently susceptible to the ongoing economic weakness caused by the rampant spread of coronavirus. Earlier this month, The US Office of...

Whitepaper: Automated AML Pattern Detection Using Network Science

Despite its general strength, the US federal banking system is apparently susceptible to the ongoing economic weakness caused by the rampant spread of coronavirus. Earlier this month, The US Office of...

Money Laundering Amid COVID-19: What Regulators Across Globe Say

As the world continues to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, there are reports that criminals are taking advantage of the difficult situation. They are seizing the moment to proliferate their crimin...

How will Art Cease to Be a Preferred Money Laundering Vehicle?

Money laundering via high-end art and antiquities is not new yet it is difficult to detect. Art-related money laundering amounts to about US$3 billion per year, according to this blog, quoting the Uni...

Beware! Money Mules in Demand amid COVID-19. Here’s an Effective Cure

If reports are to be believed, cybercrooks are taking advantage of the COVID-19 situation. They are targeting people who were laid off or working from home due to the pandemic to work for them as mone...

How do we weather a tornado of change?

“Great works are performed not by strength but by perseverance” – Samuel Johnson All of us are in challenging times. However, we cannot afford to be lethargic to life, work, and busi...

Roundtable Rewind: Embracing Next-gen Tech & Collaboration Key to Sustainability

As a regtech player with a vision to enable sustainable compliance programs in financial institutions, Tookitaki organized a first-of-its-kind industry roundtable in Charlotte, NC, USA to discuss oppo...

Tookitaki Appoints Industry Veteran Joe Friscia as Advisor

Tookitaki Holding Pte. Ltd. appointed industry veteran Joe Friscia, former President of NICE Actimize and BAE Systems as Advisor to the Company’s Advisory Board. Joe brings over 25 years’ extensi...

Should Modern Machines Be Ethical?

There are mounting concerns across the globe about the reliability and safety of artificial intelligence (AI) based systems and its enabling technologies such as machine learning (ML). On the air are ...

Tookitaki Raises Another US$11.7 million in Series A; Closes Round at US$19.2 million

– by Abhishek Chatterjee, Founder & CEO The Tookitaki team and I are excited to announce that we have raised an additional US$11.7 million in Series A funding, taking the total investment in...

30 Years of FATF: Notable Facts About Global AML Watchdog

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the intergovernmental body formed in 1989 to combating money laundering, is celebrating its 30th anniversary this year. Since its inception, the global agency p...

Tookitaki Joins Aite Financial Crime Forum as Sponsor

Technological advances have fundamentally changed the operational landscape of financial institutions. However, there are also new risks emerging in forms of sophisticated financial frauds and complex...

Will Machine Learning Replace Compliance Professionals?

The impact of modern technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning on job security has been a widely discussed topic today. Of course, AI has advanced very quickly in the last...

6 Most Prevalent Cyber-Laundering Methods in APAC

Despite being a medium to exchange information in real-time and with scale, the Internet is being misused in several ways. Among the slew of financial crimes facilitated by the Internet, money launder...

What Made Us Earn the WEF Technology Pioneer Title

Tookitaki has bagged another global acknowledgement for its outstanding works in the regulatory compliance field. Our company was selected among hundreds of candidates as one of the World Economic Fo...

We Stay as a Team, We Win as a Team and We Flourish as a Team

“Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. The ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organizational objectives. It is the fuel that allows common people to a...

ABA Regulatory Compliance Conference: 10 Sessions You Can’t Miss

The 2019 edition of the American Bankers Association (ABA) Regulatory Compliance Conference is a few more days away. Organized by the Washington, D.C.-based trade association, the conference is touted...

Tookitaki AMLS Wins SBR Technology Excellence Award 2019

Tookitaki’s Anti-Money Laundering Suite (AMLS), an end-to-end machine learning-powered transaction monitoring and names screening solution, has bagged the inaugural Singapore Business Review Tec...

Watchdogs Grow Optimistic about AI Prospects at Banks

Proper regulation of banking operations is important as any failure in the banking system would affect the wider economy. Therefore, banking is one of the most regulated industries across the globe. F...

Pitfall of Black Box AI at Banks: Explaining Your Models to Regulators

The use cases of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in front-office, middle-office and back-office activities at banks are growing slowly but steadily. The major areas of AI play includ...

AI for Regulatory Compliance at Banks: 4 Assessments Before You Okay the Solution Proposal

Banking is one of the industries where artificial intelligence and machine learning find their applications at a rapid pace. Regulatory compliance within banking is an area which has become a costly a...

We Believe in Innovation, the Key to Survival and Growth

“Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.” -Steve Jobs What comes on the top of your screen when you google the meaning of the word innovation is – the introduction of somet...

Compliance Functions in Need of a Technological Overhaul. Can Machine Learning be the Game-Changer?

McKinsey in its latest compliance benchmarking survey found that compliance function at financial institutions has reached “an inflection point” and current compliance standards are in an “incho...

Tookitaki Raises US$7.5 mn Series A from Global VCs to Transform Regulatory Compliance

Tookitaki, a regulatory technology company that aims to enable financial institutions to develop sustainable compliance programs, has raised US$7.5 million in Series A round. The round was co-led by L...

The Biggest Money Laundering Cases: From Wachovia to Danske Bank

Money laundering – the criminal activity of processing criminal proceeds to disguise their origin – is one of the gravest problems faced by the global economy, and its size is growing rapidly. It ...

A Modern Approach to Address the Reconciliation Challenges of Financial Services

Reconciliation of transactions is deemed critical for the smooth running of every financial institution. The speed and accuracy of data reconciliation can distinguish a successful institution from its...

Busting a Myth: Compliance Officer’s Job is All About Risk

Regulatory compliance has become a dreadful task for banks after regulators across the globe set stricter norms in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis in an effort to prevent financial crimes s...

Attending ACAMS Conference in Singapore? Tookitaki Awaits You with Its Disruptive AML Solution

“In today’s era of volatility, there is no other way but to re-invent. The only sustainable advantage you can have over others is agility, that’s it.”- Jeff Bezos Singapore is hosting ACAMS’...

MAS’ Stress on Transaction Monitoring for Effective AML/CFT Compliance and Machine Learning is the Answer

Singapore is known for its top-notch AML/CFT regime created through up-to-date legislation, stringent policy and uncompromising supervision to safeguard against the abuse of the city state’s financi...

Mifid II and the Pressing Need for a New Reconciliation Approach

The financial services industry in the EU has been confused with the introduction of a revamped version of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (Mifid II). The ambitious regulatory reforms t...

Is Automated Reconciliation Next to Impossible in Today’s Complex Financial World?

The 2008 global financial crisis and fairly new regulatory requirements like Basel III asked financial institutions (FIs) to cut operating costs and adopt a lean operations structure, pushing FIs to r...

Modern Tech to Reshape US AML Compliance with Regulators’ Recent Handshake

George Bernard Shaw once said: “Those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.” The past week has seen a significant change of mind from financial regulators in the US in their ardent...

Skills Development: We Have Talents and We Strive to Multiply Them

“Mastery lies on an infinite continuum, and as a result, we will never reach the end. We can, however, see to it that we are as far along that continuum as our circumstance allows.” ― Chris Mat...

It’s Our Fourth Founding Day; Taking a Pause to Cherish Our Simple but Awesome Journey

Today, as we step into our 4th year of foundation, I feel proud and honored to be leading Tookitaki that has been successful in creating added value to all its stakeholders. I was never a CEO and Took...

Tookitaki Expands into the US with New Office in Charlotte

SINGAPORE, Sept. 24, 2018: Tookitaki Holding Pte Ltd, a leading regulatory technology company, is pleased to announce the official opening of its North American office in Charlotte, NC, in the Unite...

We Tame Machines but We Unleash Human Spirits

We are well aware of the fact that our progress as an organization is in the hands of our employees. The more energy, time and attention we invest in them, the more yield we receive. So, we always mak...

5 Modern Money Laundering Methods That Criminals Use

Modern money launderers are updating their methods to beat detection and avoid getting caught every single day. Where there is new technology, cryptocurrencies and processes, there is a money laundere...

Risk Management Conference: Positive Vibes from All Corners

The Risk Management Association’s (RMA) premier annual event, the Risk Management Conference, came to an end on 6 November, and Tookitaki had the privilege to attend the event which we believe was ...

Singapore Fintech Festival: Tookitaki to showcase advanced machine learning solutions in financial services

Singapore is assured of the Fintech world’s unwavering attention next week, as the city state, is hosting this year’s Fintech Festival during 12-16 November. Touted as the world’s largest platfo...

The RMA Clarion Call to Address Risks and the Tookitaki Way

Risk officers, doing your best today is good while preparing hard for tomorrow is extraordinary. Risk management at banks has become difficult due to operational and regulatory changes. The Risk Manag...